Edward GARFIELD,[01:01] (Gearfield) b.1575 in Kilsby, Northamptonshire, England, came to America in 1630 and settled in Watertown, MA and was one of the founding fathers of that town. Edward, married first in England in 1622 to a woman name unknown)[01:01-S1] and had his first child, Samuel, by her.
After her early death, Edward traveled to the New World arriving in 1630, probably leaving Samuel in England with family untill such time as he got settled and sent for him. He married 2nd.in 1632, Rebecca JOHNSON(?)[01:01-S2] b. around 1606 in Kendal, Westmoreland, England, who had traveled to America, and together they had 4 children. Rebecca died in Watertown, MA April 16, 1661 and on July 1, 1661 Edward married Johanna BUCKMASTER,[01:01-S3] the widow of Thomas Buckmaster.
Edward, was admitted Freeman on May 6, 1635, Selectman 1635, 1655 and 1662, he died in Watertown, MA on June 14, 1672 at the age of 97,
Johanna died August 17, 1676.
**** NOTE WORTHY ****
FROM THE FILES OF "THE STEARNS FAMILY AND DESCENDATS"
Isaac Stearns and Mary, his wife, with two daughters, Mary &
Ann, embarked in the ship "Arabella" from Nayland, England on
the 12th of April 1630, for America. Amoung their fellow
passengers were Gov. Winthrop, Sir Richard Saltonstall and Edward
Garfield, ancestor of President Garfield. Edward Garfield settled
in Watertown, MA. near Mt. Auburn.
Samuel GARFIELD,[02:01] b.1624 in England, married in 1644 in
Watertown, MA. (1st.) Susanna BENFIELD,[02:01-S1] b.Abt 1625
in England. She died May 2, 1652 in Watertown, MA. He married
(2nd.) Mary BENFIELD,[02:01-S2] b.1638 in Watertown, MA (she
was Susanna's sister) on Sep 28, 1652. She died late 1708 or
early 1709, at Watertown, MA. She had not remarried after Samuel
died Nov 20, 1684, also in Watertown, MA. His numerous children
all left Watertown early, and most of them settled in Lancaster.
The families of this name in the Shrewsbury area are, without
much doubt, descended from this family of Samuel.
BENJAMIN GARFIELD, CAPT.
Benjamin Garfield was given a commission of Captain in the
Colonial Militia by the Governor of Massachusetts.
He was also elected 9 times between 1689 and 1717 to the Colonial Legislature as a Rep. of Watertown and held numerous municipal appointments. On Apr 1, 1673 Benjamin Garfield received of Elliz BARRON(step-father of his 1st. wife) 20 pounds, his wife's share of the estate of her deceased father, T. Hawkins. Benjamin
was admitted freeman Apr 18, 1690. He served as constable and for many years as both selectman and town clerk and was chosen representative to the General Court several times as well as a special delegate to carry petitions from Watertown to Boston.
Benjamin's house and barn were burned the night of Mar 29, 1682,
the blame being laid to his Negro servant Joshua. On Apr 24,
1682, Joshua was found with his throat cut and with a knife
in his hand. In 1704, Garfield's fence was burned by Christopher
Thompson, who was then ordered to be sold into a neighboring
SAMUEL GARFIELD, DEACON
Samuel GARFIELD,Dea[06:192] b.June 12, 1782 at Worcester, MA. moved to Wardsboro, VT. where he met and married Lydia HAYWARD, [06:192-S]. From there, in 1814 they moved to Busti, N.Y. and purchased a farm (Lot 46, township 1, range 11) beyond what was then know as the Jenner Place. He was a carpenter by trade,
a farmer by choice and an inventive mechanic by profession. He built a shop near his house and worked in iron as well as wood. His first mechanical works furnished the country with grain measures nested from a half-bushel down. He also produced rakes, grain cradles and other types of cradles in his Busti shop. The bent snath was also invented by Garfield. He operated his business from this small shop until the demand for his products increased to a point where he had to seek larger quarters and moved to what had formerly been Stevens Tannery
in Jamestown, N.Y.
Samuel Garfield, along with John Jones, his son Levi Jones,
and his grandson Abner Jones, William Deland and Mrs. Anna Nelson
Cheney, wife of Ebenezer Cheney, on Saturday, May 6, 1815 were
the first members of the newly formed "The Congregational Church"
at Kiantone, New York. On Sunday, May 7, 1815 Holy Communion
was administered by the Reverend John Spencer, and three new
members joined the church, Mrs. Mollie Wheeler, Mrs. Samuel
Garfield and Mrs. Mollie Jones.
Samuel Garfield was elected as one of the first of three
assessors for the town of Busti, N.Y. when it was formed on
April 16, 1823.
After Samuel's death on December 19, 1859 Lydia married Amos
George GARFIELD,[07:205] was born in 1809 - 1810 in the state of Vermont. Sometime in his life, probably circa 1815, he migrated to Saratoga County, New York and then on to Onondaga County, New York where he met and married on Aug 10, 1834 Ann HOYT,[07:205-S] b.Apr 15, 1816 in Onondaga Co., N.Y. He came to Chautauqua County, New York in 1835, where his first son Isaac Garfield was born. He remained in New York State until after the birth of his daughter Sarah in 1837. Sometime between 1837 and 1840 he moved to Pennsylvania where his daughter Martha was born. He stayed there until sometime after 1844 when his
second son Minot "Hoyt" Garfield was born. He returned to Chautauqua County, New York in 1854 and settled in French Creek Township where his last son "Willie" was born. Somehow, whether through hard labor or by inheritance, George Garfield had acquired $ 19,400.00 in land and $ 2,000.00 in personal items
by the age of 45. He apparently was a farmer most of his life. Although there are no records of land transfers, Isaac Garfield (George's son) must have acquired better than 200-300 acres of land (probably from his father) in Chautauqua County, French Creek Township because the 1860 census records show him at the
age of 25 to be worth $ 26,000.00 in land and $ 2,700.00 in personal items. The other sons apparently acquired nothing, "Willie" because he died at the age of 12 and "Hoyt" perhaps because of his age (16).
The land records showed that "Hoyt" purchased his own land in 1874 when he was 30 years old. George Garfield died Aug 7, 1865 and is buried in Old French Creek Cemetery (Tefft) in French Creek, N. Y. His wife, Ann, remarried (Abraham SMITH) and lived until she was 75 years old. She died Nov 24, 1891 in Dewittville,
N.Y. and is buried with George Garfield in Old French Creek Cemetery.(Tefft)
James A. Garfield
20th President of the United States
JAMES ABRAM GARFIELD was born in a log cabin in Orange, Cuyahoga County,
Ohio on November 19, 1831, the youngest of five children. His father, Abram
Garfield, was a native of New York, but of Massachusetts ancestry, descended from
Edward Garfield, an English Puritan, who in 1630 was one of the founders of
Watertown. His mother, Eliza Ballou, was born in New Hampshire, of a Huguenot
family that fled from France to New England in 1685. Abram Garfield moved his
family to Ohio in 1830, and settled in what was then known as "The Wilderness".
Abram made a prosperous beginning as a farmer and a canal construction worker
in his new home, but died at the age of thirty-three after a sudden illness. Eliza
Garfield brought up her young family unaided in a lonely cabin and impressed on
them he high standard of moral and intellectual worth. She displayed almost heroic
courage. Hers was a life of struggle and poverty, but the poverty of her home
differed from that of cities or settled communities it was the poverty of the frontier
and all shared it.
James A. Garfield started school at the age of three, attending classes in a log hut
and learned to read and began a habit of reading that would only end with his life.
At ten years of age he was helping out his mother's meager income by working at
home or on the farm of the neighbors. Labor was play to the healthy boy and he did
it cheerfully, for his mother's hymns and songs sent her children to their tasks with
a feeling that the work was honorable. By the time he was fourteen, young Garfield
was fairly knowledgeable in arithmetic and grammar and was particularly interested in the facts of American history, having eagerly gathered information from the meager treaties that circulated in that remote section of Ohio. In fact, he read and reread every book the scanty libraries of his part of the wilderness supplied, and many he learned by heart. The tales of the sea especially thrilled Garfield and a love for adventure took over him. In 1848, at the age of seventeen, Garfield went to Cleveland and planned to work as a sailor on board a lake schooner. He soon realized that the life was not the romance he had envisioned. He did not want to return home without adventure and without money, so he drove for a few months for a boat on the Ohio canal. Little is known of this experience except that young Garfield secured a promotion from the towpath to the boat, and a story that he was strong enough and brave enough to hold his own against his fellow workers, who were naturally a rough group.
In 1849, Garfield's mother persuaded him to enter Geauga Academy in Chester,
Ohio, which was about ten miles from his home. During his vacations he learned
and practiced carpentry and helped at harvest, he taught and did anything and
everything to get money to pay for his schooling. After his first term, he needed no
aid from home, he had reached the point were he was self-sufficient. While at
Chester, he met a Miss Lucretia Rudolph, his future wife. He was attracted at first
by her interest in the same intellectual pursuits, and he quickly discovered sympathy in other tastes and a congeniality of disposition, which paved the way for the one great love of his life. He was himself attractive at this time, and he exhibited many signs of intellectual superiority and was physically a splendid specimen of vigorous young manhood. He studied hard, worked hard, cheerfully ready for any emergency, even that of the prize ring; for, finding it a necessity, he one day thrashed the bully of the school in a stand up fight. His nature, always religious, was at this period profoundly stirred in that direction. He was converted under the instructions of a Campbellite preacher, was baptized and received into that denomination. They called themselves "The Disciples" condemned all doctrines and forms and sought to direct their lives by the Scriptures, simply interpreted, as any plain man would read them. This sanction to independent thinking given by religion itself had great influence in this young man that kept his earnest nature out of the ruts of bigotry. From this moment, his zeal to get the best education heightened and he began to take wider views, to look beyond the present and into the future.
In 1851, after finishing his studied in Chester, he entered the principal educational
institution of the Campbellites, Hiram Eclectic Institute (later Hiram College). He
was not a very quick study, but he was determined and he soon had an excellent
knowledge of Latin and was fairly adept in algebra, natural philosophy and botany.
He read with appreciation, but his superiority was easily recognized in the debating
societies of the college, where he was industrious and outstanding. Living at Hiram
was inexpensive, and he easily made his expenses by teaching in the English
departments, and also gave instruction in the ancient languages. After three years,
Garfield was well prepared to enter the junior class of any eastern college, and he
had saved $350 toward the expense. He hesitated between Yale, Brown and Williams colleges, finally choosing Williams on the kindly promise of encouragement sent him by its president, Mark Hopkins. It was natural to expect Garfield would choose Bethany College, in West Virginia, an institution largely controlled and patronized by the Campbellites. Garfield himself felt the need to explain his choice, giving the reasons that Bethany was too friendly in opinion to slavery, that Bethany was not as extended as were the New England colleges; and most significant of all that he had both by birth and by association, held a strong bias toward the religious views of Bethany, he ought to examine other faiths.
James A. Garfield entered Williams in the autumn of 1854 and graduated with the
highest honors in the class of 1856. His classmates joined with President Hopkins in
testifying that in college he was warm hearted, large minded and possessed a great
earnestness of purpose and a singular poise of judgment. But outside of these and
other like qualities such as industry, perseverance, courage, modesty, unassuming
manners, and conscientiousness, Garfield hand exhibited up to this time no signs of
the superiority that was to make him a conspicuous figure. The effects of twenty-five
years of the most varied discipline, cheerfully accepted and faithfully used, begin to
show themselves and to give to history one of its most striking examples of what
education the education of books and circumstances can accomplish. Garfield
was not born, but made; and he made himself by persistent, strenuous,
conscientious study and work. In the next six years, he was a college president, a
state senator, a major general in the National army, and a representative-elect to the
National congress. No other American president had received so many rapid and
On his return to Ohio after his graduation in 1856, he resumed his place as a
teacher of Latin and Greek at Hiram, and the next year (1857) being then only
twenty-six years of age, he was made its president. He was a successful officer, and
ambitious beyond his allotted tasks. He discussed with his interested classes almost
every subject of current interest in science, religion, education and art. The story
spread, and his influence with it; he became an intellectual and moral force in the
Western Reserve. His influence was greatest, however, over the young. They became
infected with his thirst of knowledge, his sympathy, his manliness and his veneration
for the truth when it was found. As an educator, he was, and always would have
been eminently successful; he had the knowledge, the art to impart it, and the
personal magnetism that impressed his love for it upon his pupils. His intellectual
activity at this time was intense. The laws of his church permitted him to preach,
and he used the permission. He also pursued the study of law, entering his name, in
1858 as a student in a law office in Cleveland, but studied in Hiram.
On November 11, 1858, James A. Garfield married Lucretia Rudolph, his fellow student at Geauga Academy. The couple had seven children: Eliza A. Garfield
(1860-63); Harry A. Garfield (1863-1942); James R. Garfield (1865-1950); Mary
Garfield (1867-1947); Irvin M. Garfield (1870-1951); Abram Garfield (1872-1958);
and Edward Garfield (1874-76).
To one ignorant of the slow development of Garfield in all directions, it would seem
incredible that he now for the first time began to show any noticeable interest in
politics. He seems never to have even voted before the autumn of 1856. No one who
knew the man could doubt that he would then cast his vote for the first Republican
candidate for the presidency, John Fremont. As moral questions entered more and
more into politics, Garfield's interest grew apace, and he sought frequent occasions
to discuss these questions in debate. In advocating the cause of freedom against
slavery, he showed for the first time a skill in discussion that afterward bore good
fruit in the House of Representatives. Without solicitation or thought on his part, in
1859, he was sent to represent the counties of Summit and Portage in the senate of
Ohio. Again in this new field his versatility and industry are outstanding. He makes
exhaustive investigations and reports on such widely different topics as geology,
education, finance and parliamentary law. Always looking to the future, and
apprehensive that the impending contest might leave the halls of legislation and seek
the arbitrage of war, he gave special study to the militia system of his state and the
best methods of equipping and disciplining it.
The Civil War came, and Garfield, who had been a farmer, carpenter, student,
teacher, lawyer, preacher and legislator, was to show himself an excellent soldier. In
August 1861, Governor William Dennison commissioned him lieutenant colonel in
the 42nd regiment of Ohio volunteers. The men were his old pupils at Hiram
College, whom he had persuaded to enlist. Promoted to the command of this
regiment, he drilled it into military efficiency while awaiting orders to the front. In
December, 1861, he reported to General Buell in Louisville, Kentucky. General
Buell was so impressed by the soldierly condition of the regiment that he gave
Colonel Garfield a brigade, and assigned him the difficult task of driving the
confederate general Humphrey Marshall from eastern Kentucky. Buell's confidence
was such that he allowed the young soldier to lay his own plans, though on their
success hung the fate of Kentucky. The undertaking itself was difficult. General
Marshall had 5,000 men, while Garfield had only half that number, and must march
through a state where the majority of the people were hostile, to attack an enemy
strongly entrenched in a mountainous country. Garfield, not daunted at all,
concentrated his little force and moved it with such rapidity, sometimes here and
sometimes there, that General Marshall was deceived by his moves and still more by
false reports which were skillfully prepared for him. Marshall abandoned his position and many of his supplies at Paintville, and was caught in retreat by Garfield, who charged the full force of the enemy and maintained a hand-to-hand fight with it for five hours. The enemy had 5,000 men and 12 cannons; Garfield had no artillery and but 1,100 men. Garfield held his own until reinforced by Generals Graner and Sheldon, when Marshall gave way, leaving Garfield the victor at Middle Creek, January 10, 1862, one of the most important of the minor battles of the war.
Shortly afterward the Confederates lost the state of Kentucky. In recognition of his
service, President Lincoln made the young Garfield a Brigadier General dating his
commission from the battle of Middle Creek. During Garfield's campaign of the Big
Sandy, he was engaged in breaking up some scattered Confederate encampments,
his supplies gave out and he was faced with starvation. Going himself to the Ohio
River, Garfield seized a steamer, loaded it with provisions and on the refusal of any
pilot to undertake a perilous voyage (the river was high and running very fast), he
took the helm and for forty-eight hours piloted the craft through the dangerous
channel. In order to surprise Marshall who was then entrenched in Cumberland
Gap, Garfield marched his soldiers 100 miles in four days through a blinding
snowstorm. Returning to Louisville, he found that Buell was away, and overtook
him at Columbia Tennessee and was assigned to the command of the 20th Brigade.
He reached Shiloh in time to take part in the second day's fight, was engaged in all
the operation in front of Corinth, and in June, 1862, rebuilt the bridges on the
Memphis and Charleston railroad, and exhibited noticeable engineering skill in
repairing the fortifications of Huntsville. The unhealthful ness of this region
overcame Garfield, and on July 30, 1862, he returned to Hiram, under leave of
absence, where he lay ill for two months. After regaining his strength, Garfield
reported to Washington and was ordered to court-martial duty, and gained a very
respectful reputation in this practice. Garfield was retuned to duty under General
Rosencrans who made him his chief of staff, with responsibilities beyond those
usually given to this office. After the Union loss at the Battle of Chickamauga,
Garfield volunteered to take news of the defeat to General George H. Thomas, who
held the left of the line. It was a bold ride, under constant fire, but he reached
Thomas and gave the information that saved the Army of the Cumberland. For this
action he was made a major general on September 19, 1863, promoted for gallantry
on a field that was lost. With a future military career so bright before him, Garfield,
always unselfish, yielded his own ambition to a request by Mr. Lincoln that he
hasten to Washington to sit in Congress. Garfield had been chosen fifteen months
before as the successor of Joshua R. Giddings.
James A. Garfield was thirty-two years old when he entered congress. In December
1863, he started his first term as a representative for his home district. He was reelected for eight successive terms to the same office. His military reputation had
preceded him and secured for him a place in the Committee on Military Affairs,
then the most important in congress. Garfield was a loyal Republican. He favored a
policy of "hard money" the principle that all paper money issued by the government
should be secured by gold or silver. After the Civil War he sided with the radical
faction of the Republican Party, supporting seizure of the property of those who had
served the Confederacy and demanding voting rights for blacks.
In 1865, Garfield, at his own request, was changed from the Committee on Military
Affairs to the influential Ways and Means Committee. He soon became a power in
his party. In 1876, James G. Blaine of Massachusetts resigned his seat to serve in the
Senate. James A. Garfield assumed the Republican leadership in the House. During
his rise to power, Garfield was connected to two incidents that tarnished his record,
one involving an alleged bribe to delay a congressional investigation of Credit
Mobilier Company, which had made illegal profits fro government contracts. The
other involved accepting fees from a company trying to obtain a paving contract for
Washington, D.C. Garfield denied all charges but remained his own harshest critic
that he had not shown his usual cautiousness in avoiding any connection with any
matter which could come up for congressional review. His Ohio constituents knew
both scandals in 1874, but he was reelected for another term.
James A. Garfield was elected the United States Senator from Ohio in 1880. Before
his term began, he became involved in the presidential campaign of 1880. He
supported Secretary of the Treasury, John Sherman, another Ohioan, and was head
of his state's delegation and manager of the Sherman campaign at the Republican
national convention. He worked hard to win convention delegates for Sherman. He
was chairman of the rules committee and he persuaded the convention to permit
delegates to vote individually rather than in state blocks. This system freed many
delegates from party dictated support, however, no candidate was able to muster a
majority. Garfield addressed the convention on behalf of Sherman, but he spoke for
15 minutes before he mentioned Sherman's name. Many suspected that Garfield
was placing himself in nomination and he probably won more cheers for himself
than for his candidate. There is no evidence to suggest that he was disloyal to
Sherman but finally on the 36th ballot on the convention's sixty day, Garfield
himself was nominated for president. Chester A. Arthur, a former customs collector
of the Port of New York was nominated for vice president.
Garfield won the election but he did not have a majority of the popular vote. He
received 214 electoral votes to Democrat Winfield S. Hancock's 155, however, his
electoral margin came mainly for Northern states as he received 4,454,416 popular
votes compared to Hancock's 4,444,952.
After the election Garfield surrendered his Senate seat to which he had been elected
and he resigned from the House. He was inaugurated on March 4, 1881. Once in
office, Garfield took a stand against political corruption. In May he won a showdown with a powerful New York Senator, Roscoe Conkling, with his choice of Conkling's rival to head the New York Customs House. The early summer came and peace and happiness and the growing strength and popularity of his administration cheered Garfield's heart.
On the morning of July 2, 1881, the president was setting out on a trip to New
England. He was passing through the waiting room of the Baltimore and Potomac
railroad depot at nine o'clock in the morning with Mr. James G. Blaine, his close
friend. Charles Guiteau, a lawyer who's application to be the U. S. ambassador to
France was denied, fired two shots at President Garfield. One bullet grazed the
President's arm but the other one had entered his back, fractured a rib and lodged
itself somewhere inside Garfield's body. Guiteau, a religious fanatic stated that he
shot Garfield in order "to unite the Republican Party and save the Republic".
Guiteau readily gave himself up after the shooting he reportedly had arranged to
have a hansom cab wait for him outside to take him to jail because he was afraid
that an angry mob would form and lynch him. The Washington police arrested him.
Garfield, who never lost consciousness, was taken to the White House. Under the
highest medical skill of the day, Garfield lingered between life and death for more
than ten weeks. There were two methods of treatment at the time for bullet wounds.
First, if the bullet had penetrated an organ, it would mean certain death without
surgery to remove it. Second if the bullet hadn't penetrated an organ it would be
better to delay surgery until the condition of the patient stabilized. The first doctor
to see the President, Dr. Willard Bliss stuck his finger into the wound (unsterilized)
trying to probe and find the bullet. He never found it but the passageway that he
dug through the President later confused physicians as to the bullet's path. They
concluded that the bullet had penetrated the liver and surgery would be of no help.
They were wrong. In an effort to find the bullet, Alexander Graham Bell devised a
crude metal detector. On July 26, Bell and his assistant, Tainter and Simon
Newcomb (who originally had the idea of the metal detector) made their first
attempt to locate the bullet in Garfield's body. There were also five White House
doctors and several aides present for the experiment. Garfield expressed fear of
being electrocuted and Bell reassured him. The results of the experiment were
inconclusive as there was a hum no matter where the wand was placed on the
president's body. Bell was unaware that the White House was one of the few that
had a coil spring mattress that had just been invented. Very few people had even
heard of them. If Bell had moved Garfield off the bed, their apparatus would have
detected where the bullet was and likely, knowing this, the surgeons could have
saved James A. Garfield's life.
In the end, the doctors had taken a three-inch wound and turned it into a
twenty-inch gouge that was massively infected. On September 15, 1881, symptoms of
blood poisoning appeared. Garfield lingered until September 19, 1881 when, after a
few hours of unconsciousness, he died.
Selucius GARFIELD,[08:100] a Delegate from the Territory of Washington; born in Shoreham, Addison County, Vt., December 8, 1822; moved to Gallipolis, Ohio, and later to Paris, Ky., where he engaged in newspaper work; pursued an academic course; member of the State constitutional convention in 1849; immigrated to California in 1851; member of the State house of representatives in 1852; elected by the legislature to codify the laws of the State in 1853; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1854 and commenced practice in San Francisco, Calif.; returned to Kentucky in 1855; delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1856; moved to the Territory of Washington in 1857; receiver of public moneys 1857-1860; unsuccessful Democratic candidate for election in 1860 to the Thirty-seventh Congress; surveyor general of the Territory of Washington 1866-1869; elected as a Republican to the Forty-first and Forty-second Congresses (March 4, 1869-March 3, 1873); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1872 to the Forty-third Congress; appointed collector of customs for the Puget Sound district in 1873; moved to Seattle, Wash., where he engaged in the practice of law; also practiced in Washington, D.C.; died in Washington, D.C., April 13, 1883; interment in Glenwood Cemetery.
Isaac GARFIELD,[08:123] the oldest son of George Garfield and Ann HOYT, was born in 1835, probably in French Creek (Chautauqua County), New York. His early life was spent on his father's farm until his marriage to Marion COE,[08:123-S] circa 1857. Isaac Garfild must have acquired the land from Durkeyville
(located at the crossroads of Belnap Road and Marvin Road) Chautauqua County to the New Buffalo Road (approximately 4 square miles) from his father because he was worth $ 26,000.00 in land and $ 2,700.00 in personal items by 1860 when he was 25 years old. During this time his oldest son, Henry Seldon, (1858) and
his oldest daughter, Isadore, (1859) were born. Sometime between 1860 and 1862, the family moved to Pennsylvania (probably near Sheffield, PA) where his last three children, William (1862) Adelaide-"Addie" (1864) and Frank(1875) were born. Isaac Garfield probably stayed in Pennsylvania most of the time between 1860
and 1892. He then returned to French Creek, N.Y. By 1892 most of his children were married except for his youngest son Frank Garfield who was only 17 years old. Around 1898 Isaac (age 63) retired and sold his farm to his son Frank who was now age 23. Isaac and his wife Marion moved to Durkeyville and bought a
house. In 1903 Frank sold the land back to Marion since Isaac (age 68) wasn't capable of handling financial matters. His wife Mirian (age 66) took over the matter of subdividing the land and selling off sections to Henry Seldon Garfield's wife, Ellen Estelle (HINKLEY) Garfield in 1905 and to her son William Garfield in 1907. Lourie Garfield, son of Maude (first wifeof William Garfield) was left with a considerable amount of money when his mother died. He bought a large house and farm in Harborcreek, PA and he had Isaac and Marion Garfield live there until Isaac died March 1, 1914. For some unclear reason (family feuds or otherwise), Isaac was buried with his daughter Isadore in Pine Grove Cemetery, Corry, PA on March 4, 1914. The remainder of the land was then sold by Marion (Coe) Garfield (age 77) to her grandson Joe Garfield who was 33 years old at the time. Some 12 years later on November 12, 1926, Isaac and Isadore Garfield were moved to the North East Cemetery, North East, PA by Isaac's son William Garfield and buried with the remainder of the family. Marion (COE) Garfield died in August
1930 and was buried August 20, 1930 next to her husband, Isaac.
HENRY SELDON GARFIELD
Henry Seldon GARFIELD,[09:93] (who was always called "Sel") was the oldest son of Isaac GARFIELD and Marion COE. He was born October 30, 1858 on his fathers farm in French Creek, Chautauqua County, New York. Sometime between 1860 and 1862 the family moved to Pennsylvania. His early schooling and
religion if any, was probably near Sheffield PA. Many of the Garfield family, including "Sel", worked in the oil fields around Titusville and Oil City, PA, such that the family tradition refers to it as the "Garfield Excitement". He worked there for five or six years before meeting and marrying his wife Ellen Estella HINKLEY,[09:93-S] at Sheffield, PA July 5, 1884. They came back to New York and lived in a house on Rouse Hill Road about 2 mile from Durkeyville (junction of Belnap and Marvin Roads). He then worked in a sawmill for a man named Spence Hopkins. Around 1895 he bought 20 acres of land, some machinery,
two or three cows and a horse. Henry Seldon Garfield was an independent, outspoken man who enjoyed life. He liked to hunt and fish and he was very irresponsible at times. Perhaps this is the reason why after selling his first farm, Marion (COE) Garfield in 1905 sold 60 acres of land to Estella (HINKLEY)
Garfield his wife and not to him, Henry Seldon Garfield. He lived a good many years on this farm, about 1« - 2 miles east of Durkeyville. Lourie Garfield, grandson to Isaac Garfield and son to Maude and William Garfield, (Henry Seldon's brother)
had bought a farm in Harbor Creek, PA. When Isaac Garfield died in 1914 either Lourie Garfield (he not being a farmer) and/or Marion(COE) Garfield asked Henry Seldon Garfield to help, because he went to PA; lived with Lourie Garfield and his mother Marion and worked the farm. After working for Lourie and also William
Garfield his brother for a year or two he returned to French Creek, N.Y. Ellen Estelle (HINKLEY) Garfield died in 1920 in French Creek, NY when she was 53 years old. After his wife died, he make a "still" across the road from his farm. Perhaps it
was a combination of having had a "still" in his cellar that his house burned down. He then lived for many years in a verylarge hen coup that was present on the farm which his son Joe Garfield had converted into a home around 1930. The farm had two barns, a horse barn and a cow barn. After his horse barn
got hit by lighting and burned, he made a deal with Donald MOODY (a son of Bertha(Garfield)MOODY, therefore his grandson) in that deal he could live on the land without charge and that when he died the land would go to Donald MOODY. In 1945, he went to live with his daughter Bertha (Garfield) MOODY in Union
City, PA because he could not care for himself any more (mainly due to old age). He died May 23, 1945 in Union City, PA afterbeing there for just a few months. He is buried in Cutting Cemetery, Cutting, N.Y. (Chautauqua County) next to his wife.
Joe GARFIELD,[10:60] the oldest son of Henry Seldon GARFIELD and Ellen Estelle HINKLEY was born on November 26, 1888 on his father's farm in French Creek Township, New York. He attended Ray School until forth grade (approximately 10 years old). He went to work for various farmers until he was 14 or 15 years old, circa 1902 1903, then he went to Sheffield, PA and worked
in a meat market for his uncle Gene Hinckley but he didn't like inside work, so he went to work in the oil fields around Sheffield. He came back from the oil fields circa 1906 and worked about four years for a place called Ottoway's hauling cherry wood to Union City, PA to the chair factory. When he was 22-23
years old, he went to work for New York State putting in thefirst state road ( 7 feet wide) between French Creek and the Pennsylvania border. After the completion of this road, he met a neighborhood girl, Florance Ora SPINKS,[10:60-S] (daughter of James SPINKS and Sarah CASTLER)who he hadn't seen since she was eight or nine years old. She was 17 years old at the time
and they went together for a year before they were married on January 28, 1913 in Clymer, New York by a preacher (ME Church) in his home. They then moved to Harbor Creek, PA and set up housekeeping. He went to work for his uncle William Garfieldon a fruit farm (grapes, plums, apples, peaches & cherries). He stayed in Harbor Creek for a year, then returned to New York State and rented his father-in-law's farm on the Buffalo Road halfway between the Cutting School (Cutting, N.Y.) and the Mertz Schoolhouse (corner Buffalo RD. & PA State Line). During their stay at Harbor Creek they saved enough money to buy a house
with 7« acres of land and a barn at Durkeyville (crossroads of Belnap Road & Marvin Road) in 1914 but rented the house out while living on his father-in-law's farm. After a year, he moved into the house at Durkeyville and bought an additional 10 acres of land east of the house, then in another year he bought an additional 15 acres (north) behind the house. During this time he acquired a team of horses, some cattle, two hens and a hog. About 1916 David Lloyd, husband of Nellie Spinks Lloyd (his sister-in-law) was killed. He worked their farm for about a
year until Nellie sold the farm. It was also in 1916 that his first daughter Helen was born. (Their first born was a son Elmer, who died soon after birth.) He then returned to his own farm and worked that until an agent from Erie, PA bought his farm for "50 cents on the acre", which was very good money for this kind of land during those times. He bought another farm from his grandmother, Marion COE Garfield directly across from his father, Henry Seldon Garfield, circa 1920-1921. During this transition period, his third child, Floyd, was born November 3, 1917. They lived in this farmhouse until 1930. During this time Mildred, August 12, 1920 - Robert, July 26, 1922 - Jean, March 11, 1929 were born. He built a new house on the same land directly in front of the old house, and converted the old house into a garage. His last two children, Leona, February 5, 1933 and Richard, November 13, 1934 were born in the new house. He farmed the land until circa 1958 when he retired. He bought the old Durkeyville Schoolhouse circa 1956 intending to live
in it after he retired. He sold the house on the farm to his brother Eugene "Pete" Garfield, but continued to live there and sold the farm land to a neighbor. With the death of his wife in September 1960, he never used the remodeled schoolhouse,
but went to live with his daughter, Leona Mae Garfield THOMPSON in Clymer, N.Y. for 13 years, then living with a son, Robert Garfield in Corry, PA for several years. He than went to live at the Rondale Nursing Home in Erie, PA and died there in 1982 at the age of 93 years old.