From the Genealogical Book of Watertown, Mass.
Benjamin Garfield, son of Edward Garfield, was given a commission of Captain in the Colonial Militia by the Governor of Massachusetts. He was also elected 9 times to the Colonial Legislature.
A copy of the autographs of Capt. Benjamin Garfield and his 2nd wife Elizabeth. Notice they used the old way of spelling Garfield-Gearfield.
Talking about the Samuel Garfield born 1634, Samuel Garfield was "a large athletic man, well recollected by many of our old people for his sallies of wit, feats of strength, and cheerful disposition".
Talking about the Samuel Garfield born 1690, "Ensign Samuel Garfield was selectman of Watertown, MA in 1722 and again in 1729."
The dividing of the land, into lots in 1635 "The next west, bounded on the w. by the highway, was the 6 A. lot granted to Edward Garfield. It was his residence.
Land sales recorded in 1650 a 40 A. lot granted to Rev. George Phillips, and by his heirs sold to Edward Garfield. This was bounded on the west by the Driftway, which was the boundary between the Small Lots and the Beaver Brook Plowlands. In the Little Plain, near Sudbury Road. In the late times it became the elegant residence of Governor Gore, and now belongs to J.S. Dopley Green, Esq. (1855)
Recorded land sales:
Hither Plain, next the river
G. Munnings 6 A. to E. Garfield (1644)
Hither Plain, North Range
J. Loveran 20 A. to B. Garfield
The 2nd dividing of lots July 25, 1636 bounded on S. by the Squadron (Division) Line, Edward Garfield 30 A.
For voting privileges and for a say in the local government of Watertown, you had to be admitted as a Freeman of Watertown, plus admitted previous to the Union Of The Colonies of Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay. In order for such admission, you had to be male and it was necessary to be a church member.
Date of Admission as Freeman of Watertown:
Edward Garfield May 6, 1635
Joseph Garfield April 18, 1690
Benjamin Garfield April 18, 1690
Edward Garfield, (a selectman) also Freeman in 1635 died June 1672, he was a grantee of 8 lots, and a purchaser of 4 lots before 1644.
Samuel Garfield Died 1684 in 1644 proprietor of 3 lots, grants to his father, Ed.
Uncle Abram, a great uncle to Pres. Garfield had fought at Concord Bridge. He along with John Hoar was selected as witnesses who had been requested by Continental Congress to show that British Government made first illegal aggression.
(Chautauqua County Genealogical Society Newsletter: Vol 16 #3, Aug 1993.) Garfield, Minot (Hoyt) enlisted private, Company D, 112th New York Infantry. Promoted to Corporal Feb 8, 1865. Discharged Jun 13, 1865.
From the "New England Genealogical & Historical Register" of Jan 1862 under CURRENT EVENTS: Victory of Brig. Gen. James A. Garfield, with about 1800 men over Humphrey Marshall, with a force of about 2500 Rebels, near Prestonburg, KY.
Just a coincidence, or were the first settlers of French Creek, New York the Descendants of the original settlers of Watertown, Mass. We find the same names in both settlements.
Bemis Edwards Ives
Cady Gallup Reed
Cheney Garfield Sherman
Coburn Gleason White
Cooper Green Whitney
In the early records of the Watertown, Massachusetts area you will find marriages of Garfield/Bemis Garfield/Whitney Garfield/Gleason and at least one Garfield/Garfield (cousins).