LISTING OF WILLS:
1) EDWARD GARFIELD 1575-1672 REF # 01:01
2) SAMUEL GARFIELD 1624-1684 REF # 02:01
3) DANIEL GARFIELD 1683-1757 REF # 03:15
4) EBENEZER GARFIELD 1724-1799 REF # 04:04 (2 Wills)
Will of Edward Garfield, of Watertown, Massachusetts,
Dec. 30, 1668, in
"Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, XIX"
(Boston, 1882 pp. 93 - 94)
WILL OF EDWARD GARFIELD
WATERTOWN, MASSACHUSETTS, 1668
I, Edward Garfield of Watertown, being sick in body yet through God's goodness sound in my memory, do declare this to be my last will and testament as followeth:
Imprimis: I give and bequeath unto my son, Samuel Garfield, ten pounds, to be paid in corn or cattle within one year after my decease; and forty acres of my land on the side of Prospect Hill: and a piece of meadow containing about two acres and a half and being on the east side of Stony Brook (the same piece of meadow which the said Samuel have made use already for diverse years with my allowance) provided the said Samuel allows a cartway through the said piece of meadow to my meadow on the other side of Stony Brook. Also I give unto the said Samuel all my wearing cloths and my Great Bible. Now the reason why I give no more to my said son Samuel is because (he marrying many years ago) I have formerly given him both land and other estate.
Secondly, I give unto my son, Joseph Garfield, the house and land which he now lives in, the land containing about nine and twenty acres. Also I give unto the said Joseph ten acres of meadow, lying on the farther side of Chester's Brook, westward, commonly called plain meadow. Also I give unto the said Joseph my farm, as also a mare colt of about a year old.
Thirdly, I give unto my daughter, Rebecca Mixer, twenty pounds, to be paid her in corn or cattle within two years after my decease; as also two pewter platters.
Fourthly, I give unto my daughter, Abigail Garfield, twenty pounds, ten pounds to be paid at the time of her marriage and ten pounds to be paid two years after; but if the said Abigail shall die unmarried, then my will [is] that the said twenty pounds be equally divided to Samuel Garfield, my son, and Joseph Garfield, my son, and Benjamin Garfield, my son, and Rebecca Mixer, my daughter; and if the said Abigail do live unmarried [I declare] that then my will is [that] she shall be allowed five and twenty shillings a year so long as she lives unmarried. Also I give unto the said Abigail a feather bed and bolster, with rug and two blanketsand one pewter platter.
Fifthly, I give unto my grandchild, Sarah Parkhurst, one ewe sheep and an ewe lamb.
Sixthly, I give unto Sarah Garfield, my grandchild, seven pounds, provided she serves out her time/ but if she serves not out her time, then my will is that she shall have but fifty shillings only.
Seventhly, I give unto Ephraim Garfield, my grandchild, two cows, to be paid within three years after my decease.
Eighthly, I give and bequeath unto my beloved wife a cow, which my said wife shall have liberty to choose [from] among all my cattle. Also I allow unto my said wife five pounds a year as long as she lives, for which my wife had a bond of me before marriage. The said five pounds [is] to be paid in wheat and peas and rye and Indian [corn], by equal proportion (if my executor have them growing), at country price at such [a] place in Cambridge as my said wife shall appoint. Also my will is that my wife shall, if she pleases, continue in my house. She shall have the new bedchamber for her use, with all the furniture in it, for the space of seven month, as also a sufficiency of firewood for her own particular burning. Also my will is that my beloved wife abovesaid and my daughter abovesaid and my maid Ann should enjoy the benefit of what flax or hemp or wool there shall be in my house at my decrease; and also that they are to live at the charge of my estate for the space of seven months as abovesaid.
As an addition to my beloved wife's legacy, my will is that she shall enjoy a feather bed and bolster and two little pillows which were of her own making; also a woolen wheel and a linen wheel.
Also I do nominate and appoint my loving son, Benjamin Garfield, executor to this my will and testament to receive all [that is] due to me, and to pay all my just debts.
Thus resigning my spirit to Gad that gave it and my body to the dust from whence it was taken, I declare this to be my last will and testament, and do hereunto set my hand [on] this thirtieth day of December, one thousand, six hundred, sixty and eight desiring my loving friends, Nathan Fiske, senior, and William Bond, senior, to see that this my will be performed.
Edward Garfield did own this to be his will and did subscribe to it on the day and year abovesaid, as testifieth
Nathan Fiske - William Bond The Mark of
Taken upon oath 11-05-1672 [by]
Wm. Bond & Nathan Fiske,
Before Capt. Daniel Gookin
And Thomas Danforth
THE WILL OF SAMUEL GARFIELD, SON OF EDWARD GARFIELD, AND FATHER OF DANIEL GARFIELD-----
*NOTE: He died in Watertown, Ma. on 20 November 1684. His will, dated 15 September 1684 and probated on 16 December that year provided:
" In the name & feare of God, I Samuel Garfield of Watertowne in New England in the County of Middlesex being sick in body, but of sound Judgment & perfect memory blessed be God, I do make
and ordeine this my last will and Testament in manner following.
Impr. I give unto my son Samuel Garfield five shillings in mony to be payd within one yeare after my decease.
2ly I give and bequeath unto Ephraim Garfield my son Two shillins & six pence to be payd in mony within one year after my decease.
Concerning ye small estate that God hath givin me I leave it fully & wholly to Mary my beloved wife for her livelyhood & subsistance in the time of her annuall life; and what of my Estate shall be left unspent at her decease I give her full powr to dispose of according to her discretion unto those of my children that shall be most helpfull * beneficiall to her in the time of her life.
And do hereby constitute, make and ordeyne Mary my beloved wife Sole Executrix to this my last will and Testament to receive all due to mee & pay all my just debts & I do further nominate and appoynt my loving friend Richard Child senr and my Brother Benjamen Garfield overseers of this my last will desiring and intreating them to be Helpfull to my loving wife in directing and advising in what may be best for her comfort, peace & safety & in witness of the confirmation hereof I have hereunto sett my hand and seale this fifteen day of September one thousand six hundred Eight four."
*** His estate was inventoried on 12 December 1684----a total of 75.10.00 (pounds)
Mary continued to live in Watertown for another 25 years. By a deed dated 20 April 1708, and acknowledged by her on 20 April 1708, she sold "her homestall, containing one mansion house and five acres
of land" and removed to nearby Lancaster (that part later becoming part of Harvard). She lived there with her daughter Rachel and son-in-law John Priest. She died in Lancaster in late 1709.
MARY GARFIELD, WIFE OF SAMUEL; WILL dated 4 January 1708/09 and probated on 4 January 1709/10, provided:
"In the name of god Amen. This fourth Day of January In ye yeare of our Lord one thousand Seven Hundred & eight. I Mary Garfield now Resident in ye Towne of Lancaster in ye County of Middlesex in the Province of ye Massachusetts Bay in New England Widow: Do now make this my Last Will & Testament in Manner & forme following & hereby Revoking & making Null & utterly Voyde all former Wills & Testaments by me formerly Made &c: I being now of Sound Memory and competant understanding Praised be God for it.
First and Principally I Bequeath My Soul to God that Gave it Hoping to Receive free & full Pardon of all myu sins through ye alone Mirritt & Mediation of our Deare Lord Jesus Christ: Desiring to Rely upon him alone for Righteousness & Salvation: & My Body to be Decently Buried & for that outward estate which God of his Goodness hath pleased to bestow upon Mee.
My Will is that it be bestowed & Disposed of as is hereafter Expressed in this my Will: (that is to say); After my Just Debts funerall Charges & other necessary expenses are Defray;ed my Will is as followeth:
Impr I Give unto my Son in Law Ephraim Garfield of Sudbury Six Shillings, to my two Grandchildren Daniell & Elizabeth Garfield to each of them I give three Shillings, to my Daughter Sarah Guile I
give Six shillings.
To my daughter Rachel Priest Six Shillings, to my Daughter Deborah Brooks I Give Six Shillings.
To my Daughter Anna Jackson I Give Six Shillings
To my Daughter Mercy Berry I give Six shillings, to my two Grandchildren Namely John Nobles & Mary Nobles I give to each of them three shillings, to my Grandson Elizha Hall Six shillings, to
my Grand Daughter Hannah Burbank I give Six Shillings all which to be paid upon Demand of ye Respective persons Interested as abovesaid to each of them by my Executor hereafter named:
except any of them Remains Dissatisfied so as to make Disturbances & contention which if any of them shall do them such & so many of them to have nothing of what is Given them as abovesaid, & farhter my Will is that whatsoever more of my estate Remaines besides what is Given as above said be it of what quallities soever shall be & Remaine to my Daughter Rachell Priest of Lancaster whom I hereby Make & Constitute ye Sole Executrix to this my Will & that she shall pay or cause to be paid the Small Legacies Given as above said within one yeare after my Decease except ye estate hapen to be Insolvent as abovesaid & that this is my Last Will & Testament I ye said Mary Garfield & Relect of Samuell Garfield Sometimes of Watertowne in ye County of Middlesex declare by my hand & seale the Day & yeare above written.
The word "my" below ye twentieth Line being interlined before signing & sealing"
***there does not appear to be inventory of the estate in her probate records, as there was for Samuel
DANIEL GARFIELD'S LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT, SHREWSBURY, MA
JUNE 18, 1757
From the Shrewsbury, Massachusetts Records: Vol. 5, Pg 312 & 313
(Son of Samuel Garfield & Mary Benfield, grandson of Edward
Garfield of Kilsby and Watertown, Massachusetts.)
In the year of our Lord the eighteenth Day of June Anno Domini one thousand seven hundred and fifth seven~~~~
I Daniel Garfield of Shrewsbury in the County of Worcester within the province of and Massachusetts Bay New England, Yeoman being under weakness and great disorder of body but of a sound mind and memory praised be God yet considering myself in a mortal state as to my body, wherefore I do make and ordain this to be my last Will and Testament principally and first of all I comitt my Immortal Soul into the Hand of God that gave it and my Body I recommend to the Earth to be buried in a Christian manner nothing doubting but at the general Resurrection I shell receive the same again by the mighty Power of God and including such worldly Estate God hath bestowed upon me. I give demise and dispose of in the following manor and form. First I order that my just debts and funeral charges be paid by my Executrix and Executor here after to be named then~~~~
Item: I give to Mary my well beloved wife the improvement one half
of my house and barn and all my home place of land during her natural life and also the improvement of one half of all my
moveable Estate within doors and without~~~~
Item: I give to my eldest son John Garfield ten schillings besides
which I have already given him by Deed
Item: I give to my son Daniel Garfield ten schillings besides what I
have already given him by Deed
Item: I give to my son Ebenezer Garfield ten schillings besides what I
have already give him by Deed
Item: I give to my son Moses Garfield ten schillings besides what I
have already give him by Deed
Item: I give to my youngest son Aaron Garfield the whole of my home
place house barn and lands excepting the one half of and
improvement reserved to his mother. Also I give to the said
Aaron all the outdoors moveable including creatures reserving
his mothers privileges.
Item: I give to my daughter Mary Garfield twenty eight acres of land
and half portion of an acre of land to the north portion of
Shrewsbury adjoining ---(1)--- Farm as may appear by plans
Further I give to my daughter Mary six pounds thirteen schillings and four pence of which sum she is to receive one third yearly~~~~
Further I give to my daughter Mary one bed and the furniture thereof and one third of the indoor moveable after her mother deceases.
Furthermore it is my will that my daughter Mary Garfield have the liberty of improving and dwelling in one five rooms during life or
so long as she remains a single person unless her brother Aaron Garfield see cause to build a small house for his sister. Improvement that what be thought equal to the privilege granted her in the old house~~~~
Item: I give to Damares my granddaughter the daughter of Mary
Garfield above said her bringing up out of my Estate untill she is
ten years of age, she live with her uncle Aaron and longer if she
Furthermore it is my will that the payment of what is given and bequeathed to my respective children be deferred untill their mother deceases excepting the payment to Mary Garfield above said.
And I do hereby authorize make and ordain my trusty and well beloved wife Mary and Aaron my son to be Executrix and Executor of this Will and Testament being both of Shrewsbury in the County aforesaid~~~
And I do hereby utterly disallow revoke and dismiss all and every other former Testament Will Legacy and bequests and executed by
me in any way before named and bequeathed ratifying and confirming this and no other to be my last Will and Testament. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal the day and year above written~~~~
Signed Sealed and Published pronounced and Declared by said Daniel Garfield to be his last Will and Testament in presence of us
Note: (1) can't make out this word--looks like Lotts
In notice to all people to whom these documents shall come John Chandler Judge of Probate of Wills in the County of Wocester within the province of Massachusetts Bay in New England lendeth grace. Know ye that on the 15th. day of August Anno Domini 1757 the Instrument hence arrived purporting to be the last Will and Testament of Daniel Garfield late of Shrewsbury in said County and province. Yeoman Deed was presented for probate by Mary Garfield and Aaron Garfield Executors therein thence named. Then present the Reverend Mr. Job Cushing, Asa Brigham and Sam Crosby the witnesses thereto signed who made Oath that they saw said Testator sign seal and heard him declare the said Instrument to be the last Will and Testament and that they all signed their names together as witnesses to the Execution thereof in said Testators presence and that he was
then to the best of their judgement of sound and disposing mind~~~
I do approve and allow offered said Instrument as the last Will and Testament of the before named deceased and do comitt the administration thereof in all matters the same concerning and of his Estate whereof he ---(2)--- and ---(3)--- in said County unto the before named Executors well and faithfully to Execute the said will and to admitt the Estate of said deceased according therewith who accepted of the said Trust to return an inventory in 3 months or give Bond to fullfill the will and they shall render an all countryman Oath of their proceedings when then unto Lawfully required. In thstimony whereof I have hereunto set my Hand and Seal of Office the Day and year above written~~~
By order of his honorable:
Judge Timothy Paine, Registrar
Note: (2) can't make out this word--looks like died
(3) can't make out this word--looks like
EBENEZER GARFIELD'S WILL:
[Ebenezer was the son of Daniel & Mary (Crouch) Garfield,
Grandson of Samuel & Mary (Benfield) Garfield, and G Grandson
of Edward Garfield of Kilsby, England and Waterton, MA.]
He was born 06/23/1724 and died 05/12/1799
His wife Mary, was born in 1726 and died 09/26/1799
(All words, wording, spelling, punctuation and capitalization are as written in will...
this is the first of two wills executed by Ebenezer Garfield)
From Records of Shrewsbury, Massachusetts,
Volumn 29, pages 112 & 113
In the name of God, Amen, this Sixth Day of July on Thousand Seven hundred and ninty three. I Ebenezer Garfield of Shrewsbury in the County of Worcester Commonwealth of Massachusetts-----being weak in body but of perfect mind and memory. Praised be God, and calling to mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed to all men once to die, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament, That is to say principally and first of all I give and recommend my Soul into the hands of God who gave it and my body I recommend to be buired in Christian decent burial according to the direction of my Executor nothing counting but at the general Resurrection, I shall receive the same again by the mighty Power of God and astounding faith. My worldly Estate as it hath pleased God to help me within this life, I give demise and dispose of the same in the following manner form. My will is that my just Debts and funeral charges be paid by my Executor.........
In promise I give and bequeath to my beloved Wife Mary Garfield the improvement of one half of my real and personal Estate, during her natural life free of all charge to her. Also the improvement and use of all my following household furniture.......also fuel cut and brought into the house as much as she needeth to burn. Also a house for her to live when she needeth.
Item. I give to my daughter Mary Garfield five shillings which with
what she has before had is her full share of my Estate. Then I
give to my son Abijah all my real and personal Estate after the
decease of my wife excepting what is called the Doctor Field
and one other piece of land adjoining Deacon William
Knowltons land. This fullfilling the contents of this my last Will
Item. I give to my son Daniel Garfield one pound which with what he
has before had is his full share of my Estate............
Item. I give to my Daughter Rachel Hastings, four pounds which is her
full share of my Estate............
Item. I give to my grandchildren, the children of my Daughter Esther
Pierce, share and share alike the whole of my household
furniture which I sent to their mother. Also three notes of hand
signed by Mary Garfield of six pound value. Also the cow which
their mother had which is their full share of my Estate..........
Item. I give to my grandson Ebenezer Garfield that piece of land
called the Doctor Field and another piece of land adjoining
Deacon William Knowltons land, also my best suit of clothes,
and my French Gun and my best ax...........
My will is that my household furniture be equally divided between these two daughters Mary Garfield and Rachel Hastings and my grandchildren the children of my daughter Esther Pierce, they to share alike in one third part. My will is that my son Abijah Garfield have two years after my decease to pay the Legacy to Rachel Hastings. Furthermore I constitute make and ordain my trusty friend Thomas Knowlton sole Executor of this my last Will and Testament ............and I hereby utterly disallow Revoke and Dismiss ever other will by me......... any way, before named, ratifying and confirming this and no other to be my last Will and Testament, in witness whereof I have herewith set my had and seal the day and year above written...........
Signed, Sealed, published pronounced and declared by the said Ebenezer Garfield to be his last Will and Testament in presence of us
David Brigham Ebenezer Garfield (Seal)
Worcester St. Ma. Probate Court holden at Worcester within and for the County of Worcester on the first Tuesday in August Anno Domini (AD) 1799.......before me Joseph Door Esq. (Seal) Judge of the Probate and Wills before said County........... an Instrument purporting the last Will and Testament of Ebenezer Garfield late of Shrewsbury in the said County of Worcester document bearing Date of July 6, 1793 having been logged in the Registry of Probate for said County by Mr. Thomas Knowlton, the Executor therein named, and presented for Probate. Present, Samuel Brigham, David Brigham, and Thomas Knowlton, who made oath that they saw the said Ebenezer Garfield sign and Seal and heard him pronounce and declare the said Instrument to be his last Will and Testament; and that the said Ebenezer Garfield was, at the time of executing the said Instrument of deposing mind and memory and that they did in the presence of the said Ebenezer and in the presence of each other, did sign their names as witness to the execution of the said Instrument...........and whereas Daniel Garfield one of the sons of the said Ebenezer Garfield appears and objects to the Probate of the said Instrument as the last Will and Testament of the said Ebenezer, alleging that the said Ebenezer intending to destory and nullify the said Instrument did for that purpose tear or cause to be torn from the Same his name and Seal, the truth of which allegation and assessment the said Thomas Knowlton denies..........and now having fully heard the said parties as well in person as by Council, and duly considered all the facts and evidents offered within in support of or against the validity of the said Insrtument, it does not appear to me the said Judge, that the said Ebenezer Garfield did tear or remove his name and Seal from the said Instrument with intent to destroy the same, but that the said tearing and severing was affected, within by some other hand or by the said Ebenezer accidentally without design........I do therefore approve and allow the said Instrument as the last Will and Testament of the said Ebenezer Garfield. Wherefore thereof I have herewith set my hand and affixed the Seal of the Worcester County Probate this sixth day of August, being the dated of aforesaid, AD 1799.
Jos. Dorr Judge of Probate
This is the second last Will and Testament of Ebenezer Garfield allegedly written on April 12, 1799, to destroy and nullify his first last Will and Testament of July 6, 1793
In the name of God Amen, this 12th. Day of April 1799, I Ebenezer Garfield of Shrewsbury in the County of Worcester and State of Massachusetts, being weak in body but of sound mind and memory Praise be to God and calling to mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed to all men once to die, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament that is to say Principally and first of all I give and remand my Soul into the hand of God who gave it and my body remains to be buired in Christian Descent burial according to the direction of my Executor nothing counting but at the general resurrection I shall receive the same again by the mighty Power of God and astounding faith. My worldly estate as it hath pleased God to help me within this life, I give demise and dispose of the same in the following manner form. My Will is that my just Debts and funeral charges be paid by Executor.......
In promise I give and bequeath to my beloved Wife Mary Garfield the improvements of one half of my real and personal estate, during her natural life free of all charge to her. Also the improvement and use of all my following household furniture........also fuel cut and brought into the house as much as she needeth to burn. Also a house for her to live when she needeth.
Item. I give to my daughter Mary Garfield six shillings, which with
what she has before had is her full share of my Estate..........
Item. I give to my son Abijah Garfield all my real and personal Estate
excepting the Doctor Field as is called and a piece of land on
Boston Mill so called, and on other piece of land adjoining
Deacon William Knowltons land, this fulfilling the contents of
this my last Will and Testament.........
Item. I give to my son Daniel Garfield three dollars and thirty three
Item. I give to my daughter Rachel Hastings ten dollars which with
what she hath before had in her share of my Estate.......
Item. I give to my grandchildren, the children of my daughter Esther
Pierce, share an share alike.........
My Will is that my son Abijah have two years after my decease to pay the legacy to Rachel Hastings...........
Furthermore, I constitute make and ordain my hearty friend Thomas Knowlton and my daughter Mary Garfield Executors of this my last Will and Testament........ and I do hereby utterly disallow, revoke and dismiss ever other will by me..........any way, before named, ratifying and confirming this and no other to be my lat Will and Testament. In witness whereof I have herewith set my hand and seal the day and year above written..........
Signed, Sealed, published pronounced and declared by said Ebenezer Garfield to be his last Will and Testament in presence of us.
David Brigham Ebnezer Garfield (Seal)
Worcester St. Ma. Probate Court holden at Wocester within and for the County of Worcester on the first Tuesday in July Anno Domini (AD) 1799........the above written instrument purporting the (Seal) last Will and Testament of Ebenezer Garfield late of Shrewsbury in said County, document having been forwarded for Probate and the widow and him attendent to the Estate of said decease having been asked to show cause if any they had, and why the said Instrument should or should not be approved as the last Will and Testament of the said Ebenezer. Samuel Brigham, David Brigham and Timothy Underwood attending witnesses to the said Instrument, who made oath that they saw Ebenezer Garfield sign and seal and heard him declare the said Instrument to be his last Will and Testament, and that according to the best of their judgement the said Ebenezer was at the time of executing the said Instrument, of sound and Dispoeing mind and memory, and they set their names as witnesses to the execution of the same in the presence of the said Ebenezer Garfield.............at the same time, Daniel Garfield and Mary Garfield children of the said deceased, appearing and objecting to the Probate of the said Instrument as the last Will and Testament of the said Ebenezer Garfield alleging that he was not of disposing mind and memory at the time of executing the same ....... after a full hearing and having duly considered and weighed all the evidence afford on the subject, I am of opinion that the said Ebenezer at the time of executing the said Instrument was not of sound and disposing mind and memory.............I do not, therefore, approve and allow the said Insrtument as the last Will and Testament of the said Ebenezer Garfield.........In testimony whereof. I herewith put my hand and seal of the Court of Probate the day and year above mentioned............
Jos. Dorr Judge of Probate
Entered from the original file .....?.....Wheeler, Reg.